J Bodyw Mov Ther. Jan;13(1) doi: / Epub Jun The ‘Bunkie’ test: assessing functional strength to restore function. Get to know the Bunkie Test and learn how it benefits your athletic performance. The ‘Bunkie’ test was developed over a period of 12 years to measure the function of the specific fascia lines in athletes. Numerous athletes from various sports.
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The Bulgarian Split Squat. The test-retest reliability for each position was calculated during a pilot study prior to subject recruitment.
Male subjects with a lower BMI were able to hold the test positions significantly longer in most cases than males with a greater BMI. These significant differences should be viewed as preliminary and may be the result of the population sampled in this study. The PI next instructed the subject to elevate one LE off of the surface of the treatment table.
Keeping the same hold, bend both knees while keeping your right foot on the bench. It invokes an image of someone doing a Push-Up on a bunk bed, or the name of your pet pug who won’t stop drooling on himself.
There are a lot of strangely named exercises out there. Rehabilitation professionals utilize FPTs to assess muscular endurance or strength in patients and clients that cannot be easily assessed with other clinical tests [ 289 ].
Order of testing was randomized per each subject. The prevailing thought here is that if an athlete can hold each position for seconds with perfect form, he or she has a neutral, balanced fascia.
It hits the following five specific fascial lines in the body:. In Afrikaans, one of many languages spoken in South Africa, the word “bankie” means ” little bench.
It was hypothesized that there would be no statistical difference in Bunkie test scores between sides e.
The Bunkie Test: Descriptive Data for a Novel Test of Core Muscular Endurance
Become a Contributing Expert. One other study to date has reported mean scores for the Bunkie test. Only 13 percent 4 out of 31 of male subjects reported prior history of back thoracic or lumbar region injury. In this study subjects were allowed 30 seconds of rest between each test. Subjects were shown a picture of each test see Figures 1 — 5 and asked to assume the test position with their upper extremities placed against a floor mat and the lower extremities LE positioned approximately mid-Achilles on the twst table.
Abstract The Bunkie test, a functional performance test consisting of 5 test positions performed bilaterallyhas been used to assess aspects of muscular function. This investigation presents normative data for the Bunkie test in healthy individuals.
This is the first study to report normative Bunkie test scores for a healthy, general noncompetitive athlete population. The muscular dysfunction in individuals with prior history of LBP is consistent with the finding that muscular function of the multifidus is not spontaneous after an initial episode of LBP [ 15 ]. It was also hypothesized that there would be a statistical difference in scores based on history of musculoskeletal injury. Hold for at least 30 seconds.
Male subjects held three of the test positions significantly longer than their female counterparts. Male subjects with a lower BMI were able to hold 8 out of the 10 test positions significantly longer than males with a greater BMI. The relationship between test scores is calculated to identify individuals who may be at risk for a low back injury [ 11 ].
For example, the test should be administered to a cohort of athletes at the start of the season with scores assessed at the end of the season to determine if associations exist between time-loss injuries and preseason performance. But first things first. Rehabilitation professionals assess muscular endurance and strength in patients and clients utilizing a variety of tests and measures e. Where does it come from? Introduction Rehabilitation professionals assess muscular endurance and strength in patients and clients utilizing a variety of tests and measures e.
Mean scores for front row rugby players ranged from the lowest score of The normative data presented in this study may be used by rehabilitation professionals when assessing and rehabilitating their patients. For the most part, Bunkie test scores were similar between those with prior history of musculoskeletal injury and those with no prior history.
The Bunkie Test is a series of five isometric holds meant to test functional strength in and around the core.
They proposed that each of the 5 test positions assesses different fascial planes [ 14 ]. Future investigations are warranted to determine the utility of the Bunkie test. Brumitt demonstrated how the Bunkie test could be utilized as a measure of core muscular endurance capacity in the assessment of an injured recreational distance runner [ 16 ].
Data analyses were performed using SPSS Males were able to hold some positions significantly longer than their female counterparts.
Descriptive studies are warranted to identify normative data in injured populations e. Independent t -tests were also calculated to assess for differences in Bunkie test position hold times between genders. The relationship between higher BMI and lower Bunkie scores warrants further exploration.
A variation can be performed by lifting your top leg a few inches into the air instead of resting it on your bottom leg. A test was terminated when a subject was no longer able to maintain the proper test position as shown in Figures 1 — 5. The purpose of this study was to report normative data for a healthy population.
The testing protocol for the Bunkie test in this investigation differs slightly from the original description by de Witt and Venter [ 14 ]. In this study subjects with a prior history of injury did not demonstrate significant differences in hold times when compared to individuals with no history of injury.
Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Table 5 presents Bunkie test scores for male subjects based on age, BMI, and bynkie history of injury. McGill, Low Back Disorders: Each subject completed a brief questionnaire collecting demographic information including age, gender, previous injuries to the extremities that required medical care from a primary provider or allied health care providerand previous injuries to the spine or pelvis that required medical care from either a primary provider or allied health care provider.
What length of rest should be allowed to optimize recovery is yet to be determined. McGill [ 11 ] also reported that asymptomatic individuals with a history of LBP have shorter hold times with the muscular endurance tests for the core and have abnormal ratios between tests. Table 4 presents Bunkie test scores for female subjects based on age, BMI, and prior history of musculoskeletal injury.