A Brief Outline of the Canons of Dordt (), the Original Five Points of Calvinism. Rev. Angus Stewart. Head I: Of Divine Predestination (Unconditional. The Canons of Dordt of , the Reformed Tradition’s response to the Arminiam views of the Remonstrants in the Dutch Reformed Church. Everyone knows the acronym TULIP, but not everyone knows where this acronym comes from. The Canons of Dordt are among the most.

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If the miracles that were performed in you had been performed in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes Mat Article 8 – The Saving Effectiveness of Christ’s Death For this was the sovereign counsel, and most gracious will and purpose of God the Father, that the quickening and saving efficacy of the most precious death of his Son should extend to all the elect, for bestowing upon them alone the gift of justifying faith, thereby to bring them infallibly to salvation: This election was not founded upon foreseen faith, and the obedience of faith, holiness, or any other good quality of disposition in man, as the pre-requisite, cause or condition on which it depended; but men are chosen to faith and to the obedience of faith, holiness, etc.

For Christ Vordt, in Dordg Faith is therefore to be considered as the gift of God, not because it is offered by God to man, to be accepted or rejected at his pleasure; but because it is in reality conferred, breathed, and infused into him.

According to that decree, he graciously softens the hearts of the elect, however obstinate, and inclines them to believe while he leaves the non-elect in his just caons to their own wickedness and obduracy. For they contradict Christ himself, who says: Like the rest, we were by nature objects of wrath. Wherefore unless the admirable author of every good work wrought in us, man could have no hope of recovering from his fall by his own free will, by the abuse of which, in a state of innocence, he plunged himself into ruin.

But so far is this light of nature from begin sufficient to bring him to a saving knowledge of God and to true conversion that he is incapable of using it aright even in things natural and civil. But we are in no wise to dordh ourselves towards them with haughtiness, as if we had made ourselves to differ.

For grace is conferred by means of admonitions; and the more readily we perform our duty, the more clearly this favor of God, working in us, usually manifest itself, and the more directly His work is advanced; to whom alone all the glory, both for the means and for their saving fruit and efficacy, is forever due.

The fault lies in themselves; some of whom when called, regardless of their danger, reject the Word of life; other, though they receive it, suffer it not to make a lasting impression on their heart; therefore, their joy, arising only from a temporary faith, soon vanishes, and they fall away; while others choke the seed of the Word by perplexing cares and the pleasures of this world, and produce no fruit.

Canonw wrath of God abides upon those who believe not this gospel. For the secret recesses of the heart are unknown to dordg.

He, therefore, who becomes the subject of this grace owes eternal gratitude to God, and gives Him thanks forever. But this is altogether Pelagian and contrary to the whole Scripture which, besides this, teaches another and far more powerful and divine manner of the Holy Spirit’s working in the conversion of man, as in Ezekiel: Yet converts are not always so influenced and actuated by the Spirit of God, as not in some particular instances sinfully to deviate from the guidance of divine grace, so as to be seduced by and to comply with the lusts of the flesh.


The others were hardened Rom For God has most earnestly and truly shown in his Word what is pleasing to him, namely, that those who are called should come to him. That the true believers and regenerate not only can fall from justifying faith and likewise from grace and salvation wholly and to the end, but indeed often do fall from this and are lost forever.

Return to the literature page. But it is evidently a supernatural work, most powerful, and at the same time most delightful, astonishing, mysterious, and ineffable, not inferior in efficacy to creation, or the resurrection from the dead, as the Scripture inspired by the author of this work declares, so that all in whose heart God works in canonw marvelous manner, are certainly, infallibly, and effectually regenerated, and do pf believe. This also explains the fact that the Canons are divided into five chapters, maintaining the truths of sovereign predestination, particular atonement, total depravity, irresistible grace, and perseverance of saints.

The Canons of Dordt ()

That God, simply by virtue of O righteous will, did not decide either to leave anyone in the fall of Adam and in the common state sin and condemnation, or to pass anyone by in the communication of grace which is necessary for faith and conversion. What do you have that you did not receive? Faith is therefore to be cznons as the gift of God, not on account of its being offered by God to man, to be accepted or rejected at his pleasure, but because it is in reality conferred upon him, breathed and infused into him; nor even because God bestows the power or ability to believe, and then expects that man should by the exercise of his own free will consent to the terms cabons salvation and actually believe in Christ, but because He who works in man both to will and to work, and indeed all things in all, produces both the will to believe and the act of believing vanons.

Rejection of Errors The true doctrine having been explained, doret Synod rejects the errors of those: Article 11 – Doubts Concerning This Assurance The Scripture moreover testifies that believers in this life have to struggle with vordt carnal doubts and that under grievous temptations they are not always sensible of this full assurance of faith and certainty of persevering. Article 9 – The Assurance of This Preservation Of xanons preservation of the elect to salvation, and of their perseverance in the faith, true believers for themselves may and ought to obtain assurance according to the measure of their faith, whereby they arrive at the certain persuasion, that they ever will continue true and living members of the church; and that they experience forgiveness of sins, and will at last inherit eternal life.

And therefore, with holy adoration of these mysteries, we exclaim in the words of the apostle: That Christ has in no place prayed that believers should infallibly continue in faith. And this is that regeneration so highly extolled in Scripture, that renewal, new creation, resurrection from the dead, making alive, which God works in us dofdt out aid.

Rather, it renders them much more careful and solicitous to continue in the ways of the Lord, which he has ordained.

God is not only supremely merciful, but also supremely just. But we know that when he appears, we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is. Because of these remnants of indwelling sin and the temptations of sin and of the world, those who are converted could not persevere in a state of grace if left to their own strength.

For this is nothing less than the denial of all the efficiency of God’s grace in our conversion, and the subjecting of the working of Almighty God to the will drdt man, which is contrary to the Apostles, who teach: Much less cause to be terrified by the doctrine of reprobation have they who, though they seriously desire to be turned to God, to please Him only, and to be delivered from the body of death, cannot yet reach that measure of holiness and faith to which they aspire; since a merciful God has promised that He will not quench the smoking flax, nor break the bruised reed.


That the reason why God sends the gospel to one people rather than to another is not merely and solely the good ccanons of God, but rather the fact that one people is better and worthier than another to which the gospel is not communicated.

Canons of Dort (A.D. 1619)

While the Remonstrants had hoped to gain a hearing for their views, they were functionally condemned as heretics by the Synod and banished from the church until the political climate changed with the death in of Prince Maurice, who along with Franciscus Gomarus had led the movement to suppress the views of Arminius.

For these deceive the simple and plainly contradict the Scriptures, which declare that God will not only save those who will believe, but that He has also from eternity chosen certain particular persons to whom, above others, He will grant in time, both faith in Christ and perseverance; as it is written “I have revealed you to ccanons whom you gave me out of the world. Hence spring forth the daily sins of infirmity, and blemishes cleave even to the best works of the saints.

Who use the difference between meriting and appropriating, to the end that they may instil into the minds o the imprudent and inexperienced this teaching that God, acnons far as He is concerned, has been minded to apply to all equally the benefits gained by the death of Christ; but that, while some obtain the pardon dorst sin and eternal life, and others do not, this difference depends on their own free will, which joins itself to the grace that is offered without exception, and that it is cnaons dependent on the special gift of mercy, which powerfully works in them, that they rather than others should appropriate unto themselves this grace.

Even though Arminius and the Remonstrants were condemned, the controversy did not end and had a liberalizing effect on theology in Europe and England, as well as the American colonies. The cause of this dispensation is not to be ascribed to lf superior worth of one nation above another, nor to their better use of the light of nature, but results wholly from the sovereign good pleasure and unmerited love of God. That it is not absurd that one having lost his first regeneration is again and even often born anew.


Rather, it springs from faith in God’s promises, which he has most abundantly revealed in his Word for our comfort, from the testimony of the Holy Spirit, witnessing with our spirit, that we are children and heirs of God, Romans 8: For though it reveals the greatness of sin, and more and more convinces man thereof, yet, as it neither points out a remedy nor imparts strength to extricate him from his misery, but, being weak through the flesh, leaves the transgressor under the curse, man cannot by this law obtain saving grace.

Much less cause have they to be terrified by the doctrine of reprobation, who, though they seriously desire to be turned to God, to please him only, and to be delivered from the body of death, cannot yet reach that measure of holiness and faith to which they aspire; since a merciful God has promised that he will not quench the smoking flax, nor break the bruised reed.